Una Famiglia, Due Tenute
A NEW BEGINNING
Beginning in the mid-19th century, notwithstanding numerous brigands that rode their horses through the area between the 1800s and 1900s, Maremma experienced a period of agricultural prosperity. Writer Carlo Pazzagli has recorded all of this in his work Per la Storia dell’agricoltura toscana nei secoli XIX e XX (On the History of Tuscan Agriculture in the 19th and 20th Centuries, 1975), for which he used land registries from 1929 as his primary font (the registry was done one year after the last historical land reclamation of the Maremma). The Fascist government of Italy is generally noted for the land reclamation projects it carried out, in particular of the Agro Pontino. Exactly one hundred years after Leopoldo II issued the edict for Maremma, Mussolini issued his own decree for the reclamation of Maremma land. It was defined as “integrated” because the works done were not just hydraulic and sanitary but, in line with the societal atmosphere of the time, also agrarian, with an economy based no longer exclusively on cereals. With the participation of the National Combattenti Opera, new crops were introduced alongside new cattle breeds, strengthening the infrastructure and favoring the immigration of farmers from the Veneto.
THE WORK OF TOMMASO CORSINI
After the interventions from the Fascist period, the Maremma region was fertile; but one more post-war “colonization” awaited to find the definitive solution for the swamp problem. In the 20th century, Tommaso Corsini played an important role in the modernization of Maremma. Tommaso was the 8th Prince of Sismano (1903-1980), an agricultural and livestock expert, and Deputy of the Constituent Assembly. An historically important family with ancient origins, today the Corsini family representative is Duccio Corsini, who works to protect the land and territory of Chianti Classico—at Villa Le Corti alongside his wife Clotilde—and in the Maremma Grosseta territory at the Tenuta di Marsiliana, together with his sister Sabina.
A PROMISED LAND
Today, the development of seaside resorts has enlivened the coast and awoken Maremma to the importance of promoting and safeguarding the quality of the entire territory. Operations for safeguarding the area are being enacted—and are already in place, in some cases—that include natural coastal environments like the internal tuff rock zone, which is extraordinarily rich in history. Viticulture, too, has gained more importance as people realize the potential of the favorable climate and rich soils, which guarantee an ideal scenario for cultivating vines to make great quality wine. In fact, in 2011 a new wine denomination was created that carries the name of this region, the Maremma Toscana DOC. It takes its place as the 39th DOC certification of Tuscany.